The Island of Borneo

P>Borneo is the third largest island in the world. It encompasses about 75% of the entire Indonesian territory. The island is known by many names.

Internationally it is known as Borneo, after Brunei, derived from European contact with the kingdom in the 16th century during the Age of Exploration. The name Brunei possibly derives from the Sanskrit word “váruṇa” (वरुण), meaning either “water” or the mythological Varuna, the Hindu god of rain.

Indonesian natives called it Kalimantan, which was derived from the Sanskrit word Kalamanthana, meaning “burning weather island” (to describe its hot and humid tropical weather).

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